What are Open, Closed, Semi-Open and Semi-Closed Adoptions?


An open adoption is an adoption where all identifying information is shared between the biological parents and the adoptive family, including last names, addresses, phone numbers and birth dates. It also usually includes on-going visits or meetings throughout the child’s life. Many people think this is the perfect arrangement for someone who is not quite ready to be a parent but still wants to be involved in the child’s life. It can be a wonderful experience, but it is not perfect. Open adoption does not take away the sadness and loss in making a plan of adoption. It also is sometimes difficult to negotiate roles while still providing a sense of entitlement to the adoptive parents who have all the responsibility.

A closed adoption is an adoption where no identifying information is exchanged between the biological parents and the adoptive family. Often times there is no contact. For some people experiencing an unplanned pregnancy, this option allows them to let go more readily and move on with their lives.

In the middle of an open and closed adoption, there is a semi-open or semi-closed adoption where the biological parents may meet the adoptive parents in a neutral setting and only first names are shared. In addition, letters and pictures may be exchanged through an agency or attorney throughout the child’s life.

Talking with an LFCS expert in adoption will help guide you to an adoption that will best meet the needs of both you and your child. There are pros and cons to any of these choices, but as long as there is a mutual respect and good communication between parties, adoption is very successful for all involved. Call or email LFCS to talk confidentially to a professional, licensed adoption expert today.